What is ICP?

A blow to the head during an accident can cause a brain injury, which in turn can lead to increased pressure inside the skull. This dramatic condition is called increased intracranial pressure (ICP). This pressure causes headaches and is capable of damaging the brain or spinal cord. Let's find out the main causes and symptoms of ICP.

The causes of ICP

ICP causes a headache that requires immediate medical attention to maximise the chances of recovery. For proper follow-up in case of illnesses caused by ICP, her explanation gives you more details. Indeed, there are several causes of ICP. These are: bleeding in the brain; swelling of the brain hydrocephalus; Stroke; Excessive cerebrospinal fluid; Aneurysm; high blood pressure; infections such as meningitis or encephalitis; brain or head injury, etc.

The symptoms of ICP

The symptoms of ICP can be similar to those of other medical problems. It is therefore necessary to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis. Nevertheless, there are general symptoms of ICP such as: blurred vision ; Lack of energy or drowsiness; headache; Difficulty moving and speaking; vomiting; manifestations of unusual behaviour, etc.

Treatment methods for ICP

Treatment of ICP includes drainage of cerebrospinal fluid or blood drainage around the brain; removal of part of the skull(craniotomy) to relieve swelling and treatment of underlying causes (infection, high blood pressure, tumour or stroke).